The Bravery Medal of the new type (commonly known as "Milosh Obilich Medal") was founded on 12 July 1913 by King Peter I, and awarded for acts of the conspicuous personal bravery, or for personal bravery  in the field during the short but victorious war of 1913 against Bulgaria. The Medal had two Classes (Gold Medal and Silver Medal). The awarding continued during the Great War of 1914-1918 and during the Second World War 1941-1945, both to national and allied military personnel. The effigy in obverse represents ideal portrait of Milosh Obilich, medieval Serbian knight who was considered an epitome of bravery and honesty. He was killed in 1389 Battle of Kosovo by the Turks for having stabbed Sultan Murad I to death. Ever since he personified the fearless, heroic Serbian warrior, ready to sacrifice own life in face of threatening defeat. His sacrifice did not prevent Serbian defeat, and the whole Balkan was eventually conquered by the Ottoman Turks, remaining under their yoke! 
or a half of millennium. The 1913 London Conference and the Treaty of Bucharest apportioned territories to the victorious Serbia, Montenegro an Greece, permitting Serbia to become the leading Slavic power in the Balkans. Principality (after 1910 Kingdom) of Montenegro had it's own Gold Medal of Milosh Obilich, instituted by Prince-Bishop Petar II Petrovich-Njegosh in 1847, but the two medals had nothing in common. 
The Bravery Medal was worn suspended from the red ribbon. Author was indomitable Djordje Jovanovic.

Copyright © 1997 HRH CP Alexander II
All Rights Reserved